Category: Europe

Moving the Goalposts: U.K. and U.S. Trends in Fintech Bank Licensing

January 9, 2017

The dominant fintech narrative for the Canadian banking industry shifted in 2016 from a new entrant versus incumbent storyline to one of collaboration, as major Canadian banks continued to partner with new technology entrants. The intent of these partnerships varies but they generally aim to expand the incumbent bank’s customer service offerings, improve its customer/user experience (or UX) or accelerate…

Dispute Resolution under CETA: A New Investment Court for Canada and Europe

December 15, 2016

Canada and the European Union recently signed the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), which establishes a new tribunal, called the Investment Court System, to resolve investor-state disputes. CETA’s rules on investor-state dispute settlement contain numerous innovations that distinguish the agreement from existing investment treaties. The new tribunal and rules could be a model for future international agreements…

Cross-Border Private M&A in Canada: 10 Tips for Foreign Acquirers

October 5, 2016

Canadian private M&A slowed somewhat in 2015 and early 2016, owing to the depressed market for commodities, but deal flow is roaring back in the latter half of 2016. While Canadian M&A takes many cues from the United States and Europe, it is unique in many ways. A successful foreign acquirer advised by Canadian legal counsel will be armed with knowledge about these…

Clause for Concern? Sandbagging Provisions in Canadian M&A

July 21, 2016

The use of express sandbagging language in M&A agreements (whether “pro” or “anti”), or the decision to remain silent, is commonly one of the most acrimonious issues faced by M&A practitioners in private acquisitions. The frequency of these provisions in Canadian M&A and the question of their enforceability are commonly discussed in light of evolving market practice and the historically limited guidance from…

Attention All Canadians Who Own, Control U.K. Subsidiaries: U.K. Government Implements PSC Register

June 22, 2016

The U.K. government recently enacted amendments to the U.K. Companies Act 2006, which requires non-listed U.K. companies and limited liability partnerships to maintain and file a register of people with significant control (PSC) or influence over them with Companies House (PSC Register). As of April 6, 2016, U.K. companies were required to maintain a PSC Register and make it available…

EU Bail-In Rules: How Do They Impact Canadian Borrowers?

March 22, 2016

As of January 1, 2016, financial institutions from the European Economic Area (EEA) — which includes member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway — are subject to new requirements under Article 55 of the European Union (EU) Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (2014/59/EU) (BRRD). Such financial institutions are now required to include — in contracts governed by…

Legal Trends 2016: International Trade

February 27, 2016

ONE | TPP, FREE TRADE AND INVESTMENT AGREEMENT While 2015 saw numerous international trade and investment developments, the year’s biggest story was the October completion of negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The TPP is an ambitious economic and free trade agreement between Canada and 11 other countries — including the United States, Australia and Japan — who represent one-third…